Home Remedies To Manage Common Illness At Pregnancy

posted in: Uncategorized | 0

 

 

INTRODUCTION:

Pregnancy is a very special time for a woman and it is a life changing journey however pregnancy can be overwhelming and discomforting as a result of lowering of the immune system, hence most pregnant woman are susceptible to illnesses during this period. There is however no cause for alarm because most of these illnesses are treatable with modification of lifestyle, diet or even home remedies. About 9 out of every 10 women would get sick in pregnancy because of this reduced immunity. This is a guide to help you through this period for most common illness and discomfort and help you have a pregnancy you would enjoy, however be sure to consult your doctor, if symptoms are severe or are getting worse.

 

Nausea and vomiting

This is very common especially early in pregnancy (the first trimester), it usually occurs because of hormonal changes in pregnancy, commonly called morning sickness, it could be more severe in some women known as hyperemesis gravidarum and requiring hospital admission.

Home remedies include:

  • Having a plain biscuit and a cup of tea in the morning, because it is usually worse on an empty stomach.
  • Ginger supplements have been known to be helpful
  • Dietary modifications such as eating small quantities of high carbohydrate meals such as bread, pasta and potatoes
  • Drink plenty of fluid
  • Get adequate rest
  • Try distracting yourself as much as you can by watching some movies, going shopping for baby clothing or have a friend visit

Avoid

  • Ensure to avoid fatty meals
  • Avoid cold drinks and foods that make you sick

Flu in pregnancy

This presents with fever, aches, running and stuffy nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, chills.

Home remedies

  • Wash your hands regularly and use hand sanitizers to prevent re -infection
  • Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated
  • If you are having a temperature take acetaminophen (Tynelol)
  • Steam inhalation, menthol sweets to help clear congestion
  • Take antioxidants like vitamin c
  • Eat well, especially fruits containing antioxidants such as oranges and lemon juice

Avoid

  • Taking medications not presented by your doctors such as antihistamines, ibuprofen, aspirin.
  • Most herbal drinks and teas except lemongrass or one cup of chamomile tea a day (without caffeine).

 

Headaches

This is usually common in pregnancy and most of the times harmless, caused by an increase in blood volume and a hormonal surge in pregnancy

Remedies

  • Place a cool compress over your head
  • Get adequate rest and sleep
  • Drink lots of fluid especially water
  • Take your prenatal vitamins
  • Include physical activities to your routine such as daily walks
  • You can take acetaminophen (paracetamol/tynelol) occasionally to treat your headache.

Avoid

  • Herbal medications
  • Taking medications not prescribed by your doctor

 

Indigestion and heartburn

commonly called dyspepsia, 8 out of 10 women would experience this as the growing uterus presses on the stomach, symptoms include bloating, regurgitation, belching, feeling of fullness, and is usually worse after eating.

Remedies

  • Eat small quantities of food frequently
  • Sit up straight while eating
  • Avoid going to bed immediately after eating, delay about 2-3 hours
  • Drink a glass of milk

Avoid

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Avoid triggers like bending over, eating chocolate
  • Avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
  • Eat less spicy food and fatty foods

Sleeplessness

As your bump gets bigger it becomes more difficult to get a good sleep, especially since you have limited sleeping positions (lying on both sides) as advised from 16 weeks to prevent compression of major blood vessels from the growing uterus.

Remedies

  • Get all the nap you can during the day
  • Use some relaxation techniques taught in antenatal classes before bedtime
  • Include some activities such as walking, swimming into your routine

Avoid

  • Teas and coffee
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking

 

Constipation

This occurs due to the hormonal changes in pregnancy which relax the intestinal muscles hence reducing intestinal motility

Remedies

  • Eat foods which are high in fiber content such as cereals, wholemeal bread, vegetables and fruits
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Maintain regular exercise

Avoid

  • Iron supplements they are known to worsen constipation, except they are recommended by your healthcare provider

Cramps

Occurs usually at night mostly  involving the calf muscles and feet

Remedies

  • Regular gentle exercise to improve circulation
  • Gentle massage of the legs, and calf muscles

Avoid

  • Pain medications except prescribed by your health care provider

 

Swelling of the fingers, ankles and feet

occurs due to the extra fluid accumulation in the body tissues, because the body is retaining more water and also the growing womb  puts pressures on the large veins especially the inferior vene cava which returns blood to the heart from the lower extremities causing pooling  of blood and hence force fluid into the tissues of your lower limbs hence the swelling, however if you notice swelling on our face and facial puffiness be sure to call your healthcare provider to rule out serious conditions such as pre-eclampsia

Remedies

  • Foot exercises to improve circulation
  • Wear comfortable shoes
  • Rest your feet on a cushion as you lie down

Avoid

  • Standing for long
  • Wearing tight shoes

Fainting

This usually occurs if the brain is not getting enough blood and oxygen

Remedies

  • Get up slowly from a sitting or lying down position
  • If in a standing position, sit down and lower your head to your knees
  • If it occurs while lying on your back turn to the other sides

Avoid

  • Getting up too quickly from a sitting or a lying down position

Incontinence in pregnancy

It is common because of the relaxation urethra and pelvic floor muscles caused by pregnancy hormones and virtually all pregnant women experience varying degree of incontinence

Remedies

  • Plan to use the bathroom at least every two hours, so as to empty the bladder
  • Try to control weight gain in pregnancy
  • Do pelvic floor exercise such as Kegels exercise

 

Urinary Tract Infections

Common symptoms include pain or burning sensation when you wee, feeling generally sick, cramps in your lower tummy or back, dark colored urine

Remedies to prevent UTI

  • Always use the toilet as soon as you have the urge to wee
  • Drink plenty fluids
  • Always wipe yourself from front to back to reduce the spread of bacteria

However report to your doctors for any of the symptoms to receive appropriate treatment.

 

Yeast infections

Also known as vagina candidiasis, caused by a fungi called candida albicans, it is common in pregnancy because of higher estrogen levels which makes the vagina  produce more glycogen and thus encourage the growth yeast,it presents with symptoms such as whitish vaginal discharge, though sometimes can be creamy or cottage cheese in color, orderless, itchiness, irritation, soreness, discomfort during sex, and burning sensation while urinating

Remedies

To soothe the itchiness you can use an ice pack or soak in a cool bath for about 10-15 minutes

.consult your health care provider, so a sample can be taken to confirm the diagnosis and prescribe over the counter anti fungi suppository or cream that are safe in pregnancy

Avoid

  • Douching in pregnancy or at any other time
  • Don’t use bubble baths, scented and perfumed soaps or feminine hygiene sprays because this could further worsen irritation
  • Avoid tight pants and pantyhose

it’s not fun being sick especially while you are pregnant, most infections also are worse in pregnancy because of the general low immunity, since you can’t avoid all sources of infection while pregnant it is important to get prenatal and antenatal cares,and practicing good personal hygiene such as regular washing of hands,not sharing cups and utensils,protect your hands while gardening, drink plenty of fluids  and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, ensure your meals are well cooked, stay away from anyone who has a contagious illness, and practice safe sex to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Share this only if your are a cool parent.